US Congress Resolution on Liberia

In this Aug. 6, 2021, file photo, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., meets with reporters at the Capitol in Washington.

J. Scott Applewhite/AP


    2D SESSION       H. RES.


Reaffirming our commitment to support progress toward transparency, accountable institutions, and other tenets of good governance in the Republic of Liberia as it approaches the bicentennial of the arrival of the first free Black Americans to Providence Island, Liberia.



Reaffirming our commitment to support progress toward transparency, accountable institutions, and other tenets of good governance in the Republic of Liberia as it approaches the bicentennial of the arrival of the first free Black Americans to Providence Island, Liberia.

Whereas, on January 7, 1822, free Black Americans arrived in present-day Liberia through the efforts of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States, also known as the American Colonization Society, established in 1816 to fund the passage of free Black Americans to West Africa;

Whereas, in 1847, the free Black Americans declared independence from the American Colonization Society and founded the Republic of Liberia, the first independent African republic, and established diplomatic relations with the United States in 1864 that have endured for more than 150 years;

Whereas United States interests in Liberia’s natural resources and Liberia’s strategic location in West Africa resulted in enhanced bilateral cooperation with the United States and prompted the United States and Liberia to sign a defense cooperation agreement in 1942 and subsequent agreements that facilitated strategic infrastructure development in Monrovia and enhanced United States-Liberia defense cooperation thereafter;

Whereas, in 1944, Liberia declared war against Germany and Japan, further reinforcing Liberia’s commitment to support the United States and the Allies in World War II;

Whereas, from 1980 to 2003, Liberia’s democracy was undermined by a coup d’e´tat, corruption, mass atrocities such as rape, torture, and forced disappearances, and two civil wars that left at least 250,000 people dead, tens of thousands maimed, hundreds of thousands displaced, and thousands of former child soldiers seeking rehabilitation and reintegration for physical and mental trauma;

Whereas Liberia, with United States support for democracy, governance, and anticorruption initiatives, emerged from decades of civil war in 2003 and worked to rehabilitate the democratic process through successive free and fair elections ever since;

Whereas, in 2016, the United Nations Security Council voted to end sanctions and an arms embargo on Liberia, citing substantial progress on postconflict stabilization;

Whereas the United States acknowledges ongoing efforts to address government corruption and other critical reforms in Liberia and will continue to work with the Liberian Government to advance the objectives of the Liberian Anti-Corruption Commission and other anticorruption agencies and goals underpinning Liberia’s participation in the Summit for Democracies in December 2021;

Whereas the United States remains the largest and longest bilateral donor to the Republic of Liberia, allocating more than $3,000,000,000 in multiagency assistance since 2003 to support stabilization, economic recovery, development, and global health, including support for Liberia’s response to the 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak and the ongoing COVID–19 pandemic, during which the United States has worked with partners to donate nearly 900,000 COVID–19 vaccine doses;

Whereas the United States has demonstrated its commitment to bolster bilateral relations through continued sessions of the U.S.-Liberia Partnership Dialogue, Liberia’s ongoing participation in the House Democracy Partnership, and related initiatives;

Whereas Liberia remains a beneficiary of United States trade preferences through the African Growth and Opportunity Act and the 2007 Trade and Investment Framework Agreement, both of which affirm the importance of open and diversified trade and investment between the United States and Liberia; and

Whereas the Liberian people and the Liberian diaspora have contributed significantly to the United States and Liberia and reaffirm the longstanding transatlantic ties between the two nations, which will be underscored by the Republic of Liberia’s bicentennial celebration: Now, therefore, be it

  1. Resolved, That the House of Representatives—
  2. (1) remains committed to nurturing the endur3 ing ties between the people and the Governments of
  3. the United States and Liberia, including through the
  4. provision of United States support for a strong civil
  5. society, reputable and accountable institutions,
  6. transparency, and other tenets of good governance
  7. that should help lay a solid foundation for Presi-
  8. dential elections in 2023;
  9. (2) encourages Liberia to redouble its efforts to
  10. counter corruption, advance the causes of human
  11. rights, and implement critical economic reforms nec13 essary to accelerate sustainable economic growth and 14 human capital development;
  12. (3) calls on the Departments of State and the
  13. Treasury to continue to impose targeted sanctions
  14. and other measures against those responsible for un18 dermining the rule of law as well as the faith and
  15. trust of the Liberian people through the conduct of
  16. corruption, gross violations of human rights, and


  1. other acts that threaten the peace and security of
  2. Liberia;
  3. (4) recalls the historical significance of Libe-
  4. ria’s bicentennial anniversary as the country con5 tinues to build a vibrant and inclusive democracy;
  5. and
  6. (5) supports the continuing efforts of the Libe-
  7. rian diaspora in the United States and their sub9 stantial contributions to robust transatlantic dia10 logue, engagement, and transformational initiatives 11 that advance democratic principles in Liberia.