Legality and Logic – Seven Reasons Why Sierra Leone Will Not Extradite or Turn Over Henry P. Costa

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By Martin K. N. Kollie 

I am not a graduate or a student of the Louis Arthur Grimes School of Law. Neither do I claim to be a legal scholar or a paralegal, but I have made it my duty as a young activist to pen and proffer this legal defense on behalf of comrade brother Henry P. Costa. I thought to share my opinion on this matter by using ‘Legality and Logic’ as my ‘force of defense’ to ably justify why the Republic of Sierra Leone will not and cannot extradite or turn over Weah’s fierce critic, Henry P. Costa. Here are 7 genuine reasons to consider:

  • Henry P. Costa is not ‘Extraditable’ or he is not an ‘Extraditable Person’ because he has not been charged, tried and convicted of any crime. According to International Extradition Laws and Procedures, Henry P. Costa (HPC) is not subject to extradition because he does not fall in these legal categories or parameters:
  1. Charged with a crime but not yet tried;
  2. Tried and Convicted but escaped custody;
  3. Convicted in absentia.

Costa’s situation does not warrant extradition in any form or manner. The extradition request by the Government of Liberia through the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization (BIN) lacks legal validity. Therefore, Sierra Leone will not extradite or turn over Henry Costa.

  • There is no extradition treaty between Liberia and Sierra Leone. There is a difference between an Extradition Act and an Extradition Treaty. According to Public International Law, an Extradition Act only regulates extradition within countries while an Extradition Treaty regulates extradition between countries (e.g. Nigeria–South Africa Extradition Treaty of 2004 and UK–US Extradition Treaty of 2003). There is no Liberia–Sierra Leone Extradition Treaty as of this date. These are the only 2 legal instruments or statutes which separately deal with extradition in each country, but there is no treaty whatsoever between both countries:
  1. The 1974 Extradition Act of Sierra Leone;
  2. The Criminal Procedure Law, Part 1 Chapter 8 (Section 8.1 – Section 8.12) – Title 2 Liberia Code of Laws Revised.

Based on this reasoning, Sierra Leone will not extradite or turn over Henry P. Costa.

  • Even under the 1974 Extradition Act of Sierra Leone, HPC cannot be a subject of extradition because he has not committed any of the “28 extraditable crimes” which are prescribed in Section 2 and Section 17 (The Fourth Schedule) of the 1974 Extradition Act of Sierra Leone. Some of those offenses enshrined in these provisions are: murder – manslaughter – counterfeiting – rape – abduction – arson – robbery – bribery – kidnapping – damage of property – etc. Is Costa culpable of any of these crimes? NO..NO…NO.

Before Costa’s departure Liberia, the Government of Liberia (GOL) did not accuse or charge him with any of crimes supra. Even up to now, there is no accusation or charge of any kind indicting HPC for an extraditable crime. So, on what basis is GOL through BIN requesting his extradition from Sierra Leone? Even under the Liberian Criminal Procedure Law (Part 1 Section 8.3 – requisition for the surrender of fugitive), GOL’s vicious quest to extradite HPC is not only illegal but nullified or annulled.

They’ve got no legal ground. In fact, it was HPC who accused BIN of swapping his laissez-passer. Furthermore, the Government of Sierra Leone cannot continue to hold Costa in custody because it has no jurisdiction over him. Besides, PROBABLE CAUSE is yet to be established. Even legal doctrines like ‘The Protective Principle’ and ‘The Principle of Territoriality’ are inapplicable in Costa’s case judging from Extraterritorial Criminal Jurisdiction under International Law.

So, Sierra Leone will neither extradite Henry P. Costa nor violate his right by holding him in further custody.

  • Before HPC could leave Liberia for Sierra Leone, GOL did not restrain his movement through any form of WRIT from a Court of Competent Jurisdiction. There was no ‘Writ of Arrest’ issued neither was there any ‘Writ of Ne-Exeat Republica’ banning HPC from traveling. The BIN has no judicial power to determine when, where and how any citizen should travel in and out of the territorial borders of Liberia.

Costa’s right to move freely and his right to leave and enter Liberia anytime were/are under attack. The arbitrary action of the GOL to unjustifiably restrain his movement, even though he was never accused, charged, tried and convicted of any crime, violates Article 13 of the 1986 Constitution of Liberia. Such action is also in gross violation of: Article 12 of the 1981 African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and Article 13 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Because Authorities in Sierra Leone also understand the scope of the Liberian Law and other Regional and International Protocols, they will not extradite or turn over Henry P. Costa.

  • As a State Party to the 1979 ECOWAS Protocol on Free Movement and Trans-border Security, authorities of Sierra Leone will be violating Costa’s rights if they extradite him. According to ECOWAS Protocol on Free Movement, “Unless or until charges have been filed, every ECOWAS citizen is free to travel to any member State as he or she pleases. Moreover, even if charges have been filed, and THE ACCUSED or DEFENDANT is not aware, he or she has every right to freedom of movement and to travel.”

Because President Julius Maada Bio and his government are under legal obligation and regional statutory mandate to enforce this protocol without fear or favor, Sierra Leone will not extradite Henry P. Costa.

  • Henry P. Costa, as a fierce critic of the Weah-led government, publicly expressed ‘LEGITIMATE FEAR’ of returning to Liberia. Such ‘fear’ is reasonable, permissible and justified under international jurisprudence (e.g. 1948 UDHR, 1981 ACHPR and 1976 ICCPR). While in Liberia, HPC revealed a plot engineered by government to assassinate him. Such revelation was also made to authorities in Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone as a State Party to these regional and international statutes is under binding obligation to protect HPC because he fled persecution, repression and possible death.

President Julius Maada Bio of Sierra Leone will not break these fundamental laws and principles of human rights in order to appease or satisfy President George M. Weah’s illegally request to extradite his fierce critic who has escaped persecution and torture. Therefore, Sierra Leone will not extradite Costa.

  • The uninterrupted attacks on the person of Henry P. Costa by high-ranking officials of GOL, pro-CDC thugs, and pro-Weah zealots have placed the Weah-led government at odds. As the leader of COP and an opposition politician, Costa along with his bodyguards has been a victim of a series of brutal attacks. His radio station (Roots FM 102.7) was forcibly shut down and his cars vandalized several times by security operatives, warlords, and thuggish gangs (Sabu Unit and Zebra Unit) hired by and loyal to CDC-led government. The regime intends to settle political scores with Costa after he led two (2) mass-based anti-government protests on June 7, 2019, and January 6, 2020.

Furthermore, the Government of Liberia is on record for cracking down on peaceful protesters, opposition politicians, critics, journalists, and voices of dissent. Recently, President George Weah in his Church publicly threatened to slap Costa in a fistfight on Carey Street while Deputy Minister Eugene L. Fahngon said on social media, “Costa will soon die”. Since coming to power, the Weah-led government has a BAD HUMAN RIGHTS RECORD as reported by local and international human rights organizations including the Independent National Human Rights Commission of Liberia (INHRCL).

Because the Government of Sierra Leone and the International Community are cognizant of these hostile realities in Liberia, which grossly violate basic human rights and the principles of democracy, they will not extradite or turn over Henry P. Costa to President Weah and his government.

Like I would do for any person or critic who is running away from persecution, this is how I thought to join the team of lawyers representing Costa’s legal interest. Beyond all reasonable doubts, Costa’s innocence in this matter is expressly known and no form of political machination or maneuvering can make him to return to a government that wants him dead.

The craving for Costa’s extradition or return by pro-CDC fanatics, including president Weah, is a testament of witch-hunt, repression, and a form of dangerous dictatorship. Such brutish desire and intolerant yearning to devour a fierce critic has got to be a daydream. The Court of Public Judgment has rendered the Weah-led government guilty of autocracy and tyranny. In fact, they are the real culprits of persecution and torture. And their collective guilt shall never cease to pierce their consciences. HPC has committed no crime. Therefore, he must be left alone as a FREEMAN.

They (GOL through BIN) officially authorized Costa’s entry into Liberia through his laissez-passer. But they are now illegally resisting his departure through this very same laissez-passer they stamped/approved upon his arrival. No serious and democratic government indulges into such SCAM and brutish harassment which is simply intended to gain political capital or show strength. Strength should be shown in DEVELOPMENT and ECONOMIC GROWTH, and not to abuse peaceful citizens and harass law-abiding critics.

The action of HPC to leave Liberia under such condition is legally justified, morally upright, and rationally prudent. The fact is that Liberia has become a zone of terror, especially for critical voices, under ex-footballer turned president George Weah. Henry P. Costa was never running away from THE LAW as his accusers and cynics may presume, but he was running away from TERROR and THE LAWLESS (a callous and unjust government). The Weah-led government has lost credibility, morality and legitimacy to preside over any case involving Henry P. Costa. Security apparatuses, like BIN and LNP, have all succumbed to partisanship and partiality. The FACTS can never lie. HPC has committed no crime. Therefore, he must be left alone as a FREEMAN.

In this age of modernity, the ‘force of legality and logic’ will always subdue the ‘force of tyranny and repression’. In the end, the Weah-led government will succumb to DIPLOMACY, LEGALITY, and LOGIC. Down with Dictatorship – Up with Democracy. The struggle continues!

About The Author: Martin K. N. Kollie is a Liberian activist, columnist, and emerging economist (Cum Laude in Economics – University of Liberia). He hails from Bong County and is an avowed proponent of social democracy and economic freedom. Martin is a former student leader who currently lives in exile and can be reached via [email protected]

27 COMMENTS

  1. Now that HPC has said if he is returned to Liberia he will be killed, let him stay away from Liberia so there can be some piece.

    To be a part of fraud is not a noble act for activists and running away was cowardice. He should have stayed to clrar his name.

  2. Martin, can you please stop writing the “cum laude” to your so-called accolades? It is so immature when you do that…further quit stating the degree you acquired from the University. Even if you were to get a Phd in economics, it doesn’t really matter. What matters, my friend, is the idea you put forth. Every time you write an article and attach these accolades, it makes your argument or opinion weaker with subtle disdain for employing synecdoche via these accolades to underscore your points.

    I know there might be many other Martin Kollies in Liberia but the more you write with high-falutin ideas, the likely you will be setting yourself apart from the rest of the Martin Kollies–so you really don’t need to take that tawdry approach of hanging accolades to validate your point or notarize your opinion–Read articles in the New York Times, The Economist, Time, Newsweek. Most of these writers hardly mention degrees.

    Here is what hanging these accolades on yourself portray: you want readers to associate and validate your ideas with the display of those accolades, signifying an authority on the subject of your disquisition. Regrettably, what you may end up achieving, in my opinion and the opinion of so many erudite educators, is the opposite of your intention.

    Your ideas matter, not your degrees, my friend!

  3. Little boy Kollie, according to international law a state does not have any obligation to surrender an alleged criminal to a foreign state, because one principle of sovereignty is that every state has legal authority over the people within its borders! THE LOTUS PRINCIPLE! CHECK THE ICJ JURISPRUDENCE!

    So, all the rants and rubbish from you are simply nonsensical! Do not go into a market you know nothing about, or else, you turn into the goods for sale, as is the case here with you on your stupidity about A FUGITIVE ” not been tried, conviction,” and all the rest of your stupidity, WHEN EXTRADITION IS GENERALLY TO APPREHEND FUGITIVES, AND FUGITIVES USUALLY RUNAWAY FROM INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION AS IS THE CASE WITH THAT SEASON HUSTLER!

    As we the Gola people at times adage….” Man should not talk all”. Otherwise I would say more! The both governments or states, simply achieved their national interests!

    You do not have to obsequiously please that extortionist and criminal Costa or his corrupt master Benoni Urey by disgracing yourself in this manner..

    Whoever told you that extradition of a fugitive is contingent on any law, whether domestic, law, international law, or a treaty between two states is lying to you. THE LOTUS PRINCIPLE! Little Martin K.N.Kollie. You must have been drunk again spewing such rubbish.

  4. You are right Mr. Zoedjallah, despite all the so called domestic and international mechanisms on extradition, the possibility of extradition rests on policy costs and political costs, or simply put…transaction costs and opportunity costs.

    The both countries (as any country would do) have simply MINIMIZED their respective transaction costs and opportunity costs with

    (1) the scumbag Costa and his masters Benoni Urey, Joseph Boakai and the rest of them left contained and defeated on top of…

    (2) an excellent set deterrent precedence that (as within and amongst other civilized nations or within ECOWAS) a democratically elected President CAN NEVER EVER be removed outside impeachment or the ballot box.

    • But read what this blind greenhorn viz international affairs have written…” Furthermore, the Government of Sierra Leone cannot continue to hold Costa in custody because it has no jurisdiction over him”, WHEN the very Henry Costa was at the time on the soil of Sierra Leone, hence under the territorial jurisdiction of Sierra Leone.

      Martin K.N.Kollie, presumptious posturing without the required knowledge or experience within a given field as international law or topic as STATE JURISDICTION, is sheer stupidity displayed.

      Accordingly, for the future, let the word go forth into your amygdala that both within domestic and international law, or whether bilateral or multilateral treaty, when it comes to extradition of a fugitive or in fact anyone (with the exception of a diplomat whose immunity has not been waved) THE TERRITORIAL PRINCIPLE makes clear that

      (1) a state has absolute and exclusive jurisdiction and authority over people, things, and events within its own territory (as was with the case of Costa in Sierra Leone) and therefore ,

      (2) may exercise jurisdiction over them in all cases, unless there is immunity from jurisdiction (eg. diplomats)!

      Also, Martin, even that idea about the principle of international refugee law of nonrefoulement does not apply to anyone who has been declared as a criminal or a fugitive by a state or the United Nations.

      • Costa was never declared a criminal or fugitive. Do you know the meaning of fugitive? Costa simply fled Liberia because he felt unsafe. He was never accused, charged, tried or convicted of any crime upon his departure. Your thoughts are just pointless. I think comprehension is a challenge for you. How could Sierra Leone hold Costa in further custody when he did not commit any crime as an ECOWAS citizen. You need to read the 1979 ECOWAS Protocol on Free Movement and Trans-border Security. STOP running around

  5. Little boy Kollie, not only Costa but also anyone (with the exception of diplomats) on the soil of a given country DOES NOT HAVE TO BE DECLARED A FUGITIVE to be under the territorial jurisdiction of that country which has absolute and exclusive authority over people, and even things, and events on its soil (territorial jurisdiction) or within its foreign mission diplomatic premises (extra territorial jurisdiction)!

    This has absolutely nothing to to with the 1979 ECOWAS Protocol on Free Movement and Trans-border Security or whichever protocol! Sierra Leone did not hold Costa in further custody because they believed he is insignificant, hence could be no serious threat to Liberias national security nor that of Sierra Leones! You need your mentor to tutor you on the five traditional bases of jurisdiction or the five general principles on which jurisdiction may be based.

    You key problem here is that you are totally ignorant of the two international political, and international legal concepts of state jurisdiction and state sovereignty, and of course, the distinctions or difference of the both! So, when it comes to the applicability of either, you are blind!

  6. I agree with Martin’s disquisition on the subject. His premise that Costa was never declared a wanted criminal or a fugitive under the laws of Liberia is supported by the sterner our jurisprudence. What was at stake was the pursuit of hate vengeance by the Weah’s regime against Costa for his vociferous opposition to ills in society.

    Granted in the space of benal argument: A government that can not prosecute its officials for stealing million of dollars, some of its officials for rape and alright cruelty toward women and school children, its own leader for building condominiums without assets declaration, and its willful nonchalant posture in the murder of Matthew Inez, why must that same government be so exuberant in prosecuting someone who, as they alleged, falsified a travel document? You don’t need to hold a college degree to understand what is at stake.

    In all, Martin’s ideas are profoundly erudite, except that these useless accolades he adorns himself cast a nebulous proposition of his opinion which tend to turn most people off including me.

    • Jackson Neal, YOU DISPLAY YOUR STUPIDITY, DULLNESS, OR AT LEAST, YOUR SMELLY DISHONESTY when you would spew such nonsense as..

      ”I agree with Martin’s disquisition on the subject”, which according to him Martin ‘” the Government of Sierra Leone cannot continue to hold Costa in custody because it has no jurisdiction over him”, WHEN THE FACT IS THAT…

      not only Costa but also anyone (with the exception of diplomats) on the soil of a given country DOES NOT HAVE TO BE DECLARED A FUGITIVE to be under the territorial jurisdiction of that country which has absolute and exclusive authority over people, and even things, and events on its soil (territorial jurisdiction) or within its foreign mission diplomatic premises (extra territorial jurisdiction)!

      The ”premise” of Martin has absolutely nothing to do with the ”sterner of our jurisprudence” nor your very silly deviation as ” What was at stake was the pursuit of hate vengeance by the Weah’s regime against Costa for his vociferous opposition to ills in society.”

      The premise of Martin’s is that ”the Government of Sierra Leone cannot continue to hold Costa in custody because it has no jurisdiction over him”!

      And this IDIOTIC position is no different from your initial premise (on this matter) driven by your stupidity, dishonesty, and ignorance, on the concepts of territorial jurisdiction and state sovereignty!

      Hence, you have DISPLAYED YOUR STUPIDITY, DULLNESS, OR AT LEAST, YOUR SMELLY DISHONESTY!

      • Kandajaba Zoebohn Zoedjallah, you need to take a writing class! If vituperation is the only weapon you will deploy in a civil discussion to disagree with others, I pity you. You need to go back to school and learn the fundamentals of thesis development and its subsequent defenses.

        You carry this odd multiple of names to mask your identity but your writing skills need improvement. Take my warning with the hope of improving yourself. To be an an expert in vulgarism is to stoop to that menagerie of human flotsam. I am sure you are better than that.

        Read this invective which is anchored in low cultivated usage of the English language:”YOU DISPLAY YOUR STUPIDITY, DULLNESS, OR AT LEAST, YOUR SMELLY DISHONESTY”

        What do you mean by “smelly dishonesty?” It would be better were you to find a translator who would help translate your dialect to English.

        Read another long winded sentence you wrote again, defying grammatical convention:

        ”I agree with Martin’s disquisition on the subject”, which according to him Martin ‘” the Government of Sierra Leone cannot continue to hold Costa in custody because it has no jurisdiction over him”, WHEN THE FACT IS THAT…not only Costa but also anyone (with the exception of diplomats) on the soil of a given country DOES NOT HAVE TO BE DECLARED A FUGITIVE to be under the territorial jurisdiction of that country which has absolute and exclusive authority over people, and even things, and events on its soil (territorial jurisdiction) or within its foreign mission diplomatic premises (extra territorial jurisdiction)!

        The above mumble-jumbled sentence needs to be rewritten to make a sense what you are saying which is why I am suggesting that you put away your pride and fake names and begin working on your writing. Martin, whom you are critical of, seems to have an upper hand in putting his ideas together devoid of vulgarism.

        Hope you will take my advice very kindly rather than yield to another abyss of insults and vulgarism.

        • ”Jackson Neal”, the pungency of your extremely smelly dishonesty here has polluted this forum by your attempt to run away from the subject matter of STATE JURISDICTION AND STATE SOVEREIGNTY vis Martin Kollie’s theory, theme, and argument that ..”Sierra Leone Will Not Extradite or Turn Over Henry P. Costa because Sierra Leone does not have jurisdiction over him Costa even while Costa is on the soil of Sierra Leone.”

          Now at three scores (60) and ten (10), and YOU waste time on ”why others publish their academic achievements”, you should…

          (1) henceforth and forthwith go back to school to learn that..

          (2) not only Costa, but also anyone (with the exception of diplomats) on the soil of a given country DOES NOT HAVE TO BE DECLARED A FUGITIVE to be under the territorial jurisdiction of that country which has absolute and exclusive authority over people, and even things, and events on its soil (territorial jurisdiction) or within its foreign mission diplomatic premises (extra territorial jurisdiction)!

          This is what you should be telling this kid, instead of you being critical of him publishing his academic achievements, and running away from THE ISSUES, simply because you have no idea about STATE JURISDICTION, EXTRADITION, OR STATE SOVEREIGNTY.

    • Jackson, why would want to waste your time on Kandajaba who is a full package of misinterpretation and misunderstanding of legality and logic. His antithesis on this matter is too feverish to even stomach. That is why I am not giving him much credence. Fundamentally, he does not even understand the difference between “a fugitive” and a “free man” in the context of the LAW.

      • Martin, ”my child”, make no mistake about that, whether a fugitive, or a free individual, (with the exception of diplomats) ANYONE on the soil of a given country DOES NOT HAVE TO BE DECLARED A FUGITIVE to be under the territorial jurisdiction of that country which has absolute and exclusive authority over people, and even things, and events on its soil (territorial jurisdiction) or within its foreign mission diplomatic premises (extra territorial jurisdiction)!

  7. Martin Kollie,
    It’s understood why you defend Costa’s alledged misdeeds. You are a staunch supporter of his. And so because of that, you’re blinded by his provocative actions and his alledged travel document forgery. Like you, Costa’s opponents do not believe that you have a credible convincing argument to make. Secondly, although I don’t like to make ad hominem attacks, I agree with Jackson Neal’s assessment. It is really uneducational for you to inform the whole wide world about the fact that you were awarded “a praise” (cum laude) when you graduated from the University of Liberia. Who cares Kollie? Should we bow down to your whims?

    The question I wish you could answer is this: Assuming that Costa did not do anything wrong, why did he sneak out of Liberia without going through RIA or any of the Liberian ports of entry and departure?

    Before his underground railroad escape to Sierra Leone, Costa said he was told by an intelligence source that plans were in the works for him to be killed by state authorities. But Costa didn’t say why he was a target of the government of Liberia. There seems to be a mystery here! I do not sanction anything that leads to killing anyone. But knowing the Liberian spin, maybe, just maybe no one told Costa that he’d be killed had he not depart from Liberia secretly. The truth is somewhere out there.

    Suggestion: I am not a proponent of Costa’s ideas. Not even one idea by the stretch! But because Costa will return to Liberia one of these days, it will be a genius idea for Costa to clear his name nationally. If the dark smoke of forgery hangs over his head without clearing his name, Costa will definitely be arrested anytime he returns to Liberia. Secondly, if Costa truly forged his travel documents, some of his supporters will lose confidence in him. Costa has got to fess up. His credibility is hanging!

    • “Granted in the space of benal argument: A government that can not prosecute its officials for stealing million of dollars, some of its officials for rape and alright cruelty toward women and school children, its own leader for building condominiums without assets declaration, and its willful nonchalant posture in the murder of Matthew Inez, why must that same government be so exuberant in prosecuting someone who, as they alleged, falsified a travel document? You don’t need to hold a college degree to understand what is at stake.”-Jackson Neal

      Thank you Jackson, for the above reminder to those who have sight but have no vision. The social ostriches among us. Thank you again.

  8. In the final analysis, young Martin Kollie’s prognostication that Costa would be set free by Sierra Leone for lack of any legal or conventional merits to hold him further, would come to pass. Sierral Leone ignored all the subsequent made-up charges against the man, and he was set free to go. So Martin, Costa and all subscribers to the rule of law including the people of Sierra Leone, won!

    Of even more significance to me in this writeup worth celebrating, is the quality of the article. The quality of the article in terms of its compositional structure including grammar usage, sentences, and points of persuasiveness.

    When you consider the generalized mediocre estimation of present-day Liberian students, you will agree young Martin Kollie and by the quality of his prolific writings, stands as a gem in that class. To the extent some here in their 60s plus all the experiences advising their perspectives and no matter how puerile, will even respond to the young man as if he’s their equal. Whereas some of them could not even compose any strings of logical sentences at Martin’s age. It makes you wonder if time makes any difference as they say.

    Having said that, let me straddle into few of the “well reasoned, educated and experienced” responses to Martin’s calculation about predictable outcome of this frivolous case.

    One of them with moniker “Zoedjallah” wrote: “Whoever told you that extradition of a fugitive is contingent on any law, whether domestic, law, international law, or a treaty between two states is lying to you. THE LOTUS PRINCIPLE! Little Martin K.N.Kollie. You must have been drunk again spewing such rubbish.”

    Such inanity! One wonders what then could be the relevance of extradition treaties between states, or extradition laws in general? Any sane person would surely take Martin’s alluded “drunken rubbish” in that case, than that blabbering prattle.

    Another pedant was more distressed with Martin attaching his credentials to the article than the essence of the article itself. Whereas that particular style of identification is generally acceptable in academia and a matter of choice. Some people choose to do it, others don’t. Just as some with PhDs don’t insist on the title, while others do. Apparently this other critic has not lived in Liberia for the past 35 years. The nearly one minute credentialing of the president, for example, starting with “president,” then “Dr.,” and all the other added designations would have educated thus.

    • Hilary, you’ve nailed it so perfectly and nipped those cynics who are postulating falsehood under this article. You could not have said it any better. I have proffered a case in defense of Costa. I am challenging them to provide a detailed antithesis, like mine, justifying why Sierra Leone had every right under International Protocols and Statutes to turn Costa over. All they do is to ramble in misconception and swing in bravadoism. What a sham indeed.

    • You who make the foregoing statement in quotation make a dummy out of yourself. ”One wonders what then could be the relevance of extradition treaties between states, or extradition laws in general?” you make a fool out of yourself, joe blow.

      There are numerous sovereign states which do not have extradition laws not to mention treaties with any state. Here they are..

      Afghanistan 38,041,754
      Algeria 43,053,054
      Andorra 77,142
      Angola 31,825,295
      Armenia 2,957,731
      Bahrain 1,641,172
      Bangladesh 163,046,161
      Belarus 9,452,411
      Bosnia And Herzegovina 3,301,000
      Brunei 433,285
      Burkina Faso 20,321,378
      Burundi 11,530,580
      Cambodia 16,486,542
      Cameroon 25,876,380
      Cape Verde 549,935
      Central African Republic 4,745,185
      Chad 15,946,876
      China 1,433,783,686
      Comoros 850,886
      Djibouti 973,560
      Equatorial Guinea 1,355,986
      Eritrea 3,497,117
      Ethiopia 112,078,730
      Gabon 2,172,579
      Guinea 12,771,246
      Guinea Bissau 1,920,922
      Indonesia 270,625,568
      Ivory Coast 25,716,544
      Kazakhstan 18,551,427
      Kuwait 4,207,083
      Laos 7,169,455
      Lebanon 6,855,713
      Libya 6,777,452
      Madagascar 26,969,307
      Maldives 530,953
      Mali 19,658,031
      Marshall Islands 58,791
      Mauritania 4,525,696
      Micronesia 113,815
      Moldova 4,043,263
      Mongolia 3,225,167
      Montenegro 627,987
      Morocco 36,471,769
      Mozambique 30,366,036
      Namibia 2,494,530
      Nepal 28,608,710
      Niger 23,310,715
      Oman 4,974,986
      Qatar 2,832,067
      Russia 145,872,256
      Rwanda 12,626,950
      Samoa 197,097
      Saudi Arabia 34,268,528
      Senegal 16,296,364
      Serbia 8,772,235
      Somalia 15,442,905
      Sudan 42,813,238
      Syria 17,070,135
      Togo 8,082,366
      Tunisia 11,694,719
      Uganda 44,269,594
      Ukraine 43,993,638
      United Arab Emirates 9,770,529
      Uzbekistan 32,981,716
      Vanuatu 299,882
      Vietnam 96,462,106
      Yemen 29,161,922
      Countries Without Extradition by Population 2020
      Source:
      Countries with no extradition treaty with US
      The two Congoes . Kinshasa and Brazzaville

      But mind you, some like Yemen etc. usually return an accused to a requesting state via simply comity or otherwise.

      So, your statement that ”One wonders what then could be the relevance of extradition treaties between states, or extradition laws in general? ” is simply silly.

      And the primary or fundamental reason why some states CARE LESS about extradition law or treaty is because they are…

      (1) aware that WITH OR WITHOUT extradition law or treaty, a state has the sovereign right and jurisdiction to return anyone to whichever country it wishes, just as…

      (2) a state can reject returning an accused, a fugitive, or anyone to any country with which she has entered an agreement or an extradition treaty. Next time do not jump into topics in which you have little or no knowledge.

      • Mr. Zoedjallah, why waste time with people who are clearly subjective, fraudulent, and dull, when learned people are cognizant of the truism that ”extradition as a process is not governed by an international treaty regime or overseen by the United Nations. It typically involves a treaty between two states. If one country agrees to extradite a person to another, this is done as a matter of comity rather than because of a legal obligation.”

        Secondly, these subjective and closed minded people have no idea as you have lectured here on the absolutism of territorial jurisdiction and sovereignty.

      • Stop making fool of yourself and projecting it on me or others. I said, “”One wonders what then could be the relevance of extradition treaties between states, or extradition laws in general?” in reference to your stupid remarks that “extradition treaties don’t matter,” then you post a list of countries that don’t have extradition treaties to prove what, that you are a confused certified moron?

        I too, could post a list of countries with extradition treatise to counter your very stupid assertion, and as further proof that you talk or is it write? before thinking.

        And who can blame blatherskite like you for acting “smart,” if not courtesy of Google. Like the indomitable Martin Kollie said, why don’t you address yourself to why in your blithering sterile mind you believe Sierra Leone let Costa go, if not because they found no cause for holding him any further? Or any merit in the fabricated charges against the man by your dumdum useless government?

        • Yea, it is a display of functional illiteracy: He is now googling, copying and pasting. My son in the third grade is capable of doing the same thing. No need wasting one’s precious time on this fake guy “Kandajaba Zoebohn Zoedjallah.”

  9. ”Jackson Neal” and ‘Hilary Snyder’, you are as ignorant (on this topic) as this little boy, when you agree to his claim that ”a sovereign country cannot extradite a wanted alien or return the wanted alien to a requesting country or the alien’s own country, even while the very wanted alien or anyone (with the exception of diplomata) is within the territorial jurisdiction of the given sovereign country, as has been in the case of Sierra Leone. The both of you are a disappointment, embarrassment, and a disgrace to adulthood.

    • It seems every time you open your mouth or whatever the source of the imbecility, you just validate the suspicion that you are indeed a simple-minded moron with one remaining brain cell. You better watch out before you lose it all, Mr. Mooncalf.

      But let me entertain your claptrap about this subject one last time and expose you and classmates’ shallowness further. Hence, if the Liberian government is serious about the return of Henry Costa to Liberia, did the extradition request have to be with Sierra Leone only? In other words, why doesn’t that quest extend to the US as well, where Costa is currently a resident? If you even add the fact that Liberia has an extradition treaty with the US, that should make the process reasonable and feasible. So why don’t you guys pass that option to your play-play government and stop all these useless crappy lecturing about sovereignty this and extradition that? Clairvoyance tells us in that regard, that if Sierra Leone could not honor the dumb request, the US will be the last place on this planet to oblige. Just a hint.

  10. Dummy, ”THIS SUBJECT” if we may quote you is about A STATE’S JURISDICTION OR A STATE’S SOVEREIGNTY vis a vis Mr. Martin Kollie’s argument that.. ” the Government of Sierra Leone cannot continue to hold Costa in custody because it has no jurisdiction over him.”

    What is your intellectual response to this argument by this kid? Does a sovereign country have jurisdiction over one (with the exception of diplomats) ON ITS SOIL?

    All this your ”play play” rubbish spewed here simply proves you are absolutely an ignorant when it comes to ”THIS SUBJECT.”.

    If this is not the case that you are an ignoramus on ”THIS SUBJECT”, prove it . Or else, you have simply displayed your usual ignorance and stupidity.

      • ” Nothing new”. Dummy, that’s all you are fit for…TO RECEIVE. As old as you are, you have nothing essential to offer in a simple and elementary subject matter as state jurisdiction. You better stick to your social work.

  11. Why do we(Liberians) always think it wise to antagonize another as if any one person has monopoly on wisdom. Martin Kollie is knowledgeable and wise. Liberians sometimes think we are competitively in a race of cat and mouse. If we are that wise, why is Liberia lagging behind in development. All HPC is preaching is accountability. Why are we demonizing him? Hon. Kolubah, Dillon and everyone involved are preaching accountability. The President is a good man but he needs help. This country being around since 1847 and therefore you can’t hold him responsible for everything. We choose to have three branches of government because we desire accountability.

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