President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has described the nuclear deal reached between the United States and Iran as “a significant milestone”, not just for the two countries, but for global peace and peaceful co-existence.”
Congratulating U. S. President Barack Obama and the Government of the United States for the outstanding and remarkable success and for his personal leadership of Global Partners, working through the instrumentality of the P5, in reaching a groundbreaking Nuclear Agreement with the Islamic Republic of Iran, she said it sends a strong message that diplomacy and negotiation remain viable tools in international relations for the attainment and maintenance of global peace and security.
The agreement seeks to ensure that Iran does not obtain a nuclear weapon.
The nuclear deal agreement comes after many months of principled diplomacy. The P5+1, which include the United States, the United Kingdom, France, China, Russia and Germany — along with the European Union, have achieved a long-term comprehensive nuclear deal with Iran that will verifiably prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon and ensure that Iran’s nuclear program will be exclusively peaceful going forward.
According to a statement from the Liberian Foreign Ministry, President Sirleaf expressed confidence that the agreement will remove two thirds of Iran’s installed centrifuges and reduce its current stockpile to a fraction of what would be required for the production of a single weapon.
She also noted with deep satisfaction, that the agreement is built on verification upon the slightest suspicion, which provides inspectors from the IAEA 24/7 access to Iran’s key nuclear facilities among others.
According to the statement, President Sirleaf indicated that this far-reaching agreement with Iran seemed almost impossible a few years back. However the decision by President Obama to resort to diplomacy rather than force over the past six years of his tenure as President of the United States, coupled with his commitment in working along with other members of the P5 as well as his relentless pursuit of a peaceful settlement of the Iranian nuclear issues, has once again demonstrated to the world his keen interest in global peace, security and human advancement.
She expressed satisfaction for the commitment, fortitude and hard work that President Obama and his team exhibited throughout the negotiation process and for obtaining a deal which seeks to make the world a safer place for mankind, leading to prosperity.
Meanwhile, this deal stands on the foundation of the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA), achieved in November of 2013, and the framework for this Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), announced in Lausanne on April 2, 2015 that set the requirements for the deal with the P5+ 1 and Iran, alongside the European Union announced today.
“Now, with this deal in place, the U.S., our allies, and the international community can know that tough, new requirements will keep Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon,” President Obama said.
According to experts, the deal blocks Iran’s pathways to obtaining a nuclear weapon. Building a nuclear bomb requires either uranium or plutonium. But this deal nullifies Iran’s four possible ways to leverage those fissile materials.
The nuclear deal compels Iran’s two current uranium enrichment facilities in the country, the Natanz facility and the Fordow facility, blocked.
According to reliable information, Iran currently has a uranium stockpile to create 8 to ten nuclear bombs. The nuclear deal requires Iran to reduce its stockpile of uranium by 98%, and will keep its level of uranium enrichment at 3.67% — significantly below the enrichment level needed to create a bomb.
Iran also needs tens of thousands of centrifuges to create highly enriched uranium for a bomb. Right now, Iran has nearly 20,000 centrifuges between their Natanz and Fordow facilities. But under the deal, Iran must reduce its centrifuges to 6,104 for the next ten years. No enrichment will be allowed at the Fordow facility at all, and the only centrifuges Iran will be allowed to use are their oldest and least efficient models.
In short, the Iranian nuclear deal will cut off all Iran’s potential pathways to a bomb as the deal has now blocked all of the possible pathways. These include, highly enriched uranium at Natanz facility, highly enriched uranium at Fordow Facility, Weapon-Grade Plutonium, covert attempts to produce fissile material.