On African Governance; what Liberia could do to achieve transformation
The Mo Ibrahim Foundation (MIF) says it will launch the 12th annual Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) on Monday, October 29, when the results and analysis will be shared with the public.
According to a release, to mark the launch, Dr. Mo Ibrahim will participate in a Facebook Live event to discuss this year’s striking results, and the trends measuring Africa’s public governance progress.
Mo will be joined by a panel of African experts representing the continent’s growing next generation voices, Yvonne Apea Mensah from Ghana, and Nasi Rwigema from South Africa.
The two will provide their own opinions of this year’s Index findings. The panel, the release said, will also respond to questions in real time from online users.
Following the launch, MIF in partnership with the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), will host a high-level discussion on the findings on Friday, November 2 in Pretoria, South Africa.
Global Launch of the 2018 IIAG: 29 October 2018 The IIAG is an unmatched resource providing the world’s most extensive analysis of the quality of governance in African countries.
With the Index, MIF seeks to enable governments, citizens, business, academia, policy makers and analysts to use its findings as a tool to assess accurately the delivery of public goods and services and drive conversations about governance in Africa.
As such, the data are made freely available each year via the IIAG Data Portal. The 2018 IIAG launch will take place online during a 30-minute Facebook Live event with Mo and two African next generation voices, taking the discussion directly to the public to encourage dialogue across social media using the hashtags #IIAG and #AskMIF.
With ten years of data to draw from, the 2018 IIAG is uniquely positioned to measure trends in governance, providing in-depth analysis on how the quality of governance has changed over the past five years (2013-2017) within the context of the last decade (2008-2017), and what has or could be an important component to Africa’s transformation.
In every MIF’s iteration, assisted by the IIAG’s Advisory Council – looks at improving the structure, components, and methodology of the IIAG. Due to this annual revision, every year MIF recalculates all scores in the Index.
Previous iterations of the IIAG covered data from 2000 onward. The 2018 IIAG is for the first time providing comparable governance data for the last decade only, to strengthen the robustness of the findings.
For the first time, an assessment of youth inclusion is part of the IIAG. Through the indicator Promotion of Socioeconomic Integration of Youth (provided by Global Integrity), the Index assesses whether there is a government policy/strategy to increase the socioeconomic integration of youth.
This year’s IIAG will have the added focus of analyzing the data through thematic frameworks and broader themes including an economic opportunity for Africa’s citizens, the demographic dividend, transparency, and accountability.
The ten-year time series includes the most recent governance performances, raising the bar in areas such as Health, where countries should benchmark themselves to more current standards.
The IIAG contains analysis across 102 indicators from 35 independent African and global data institutions to cover all 54 African countries in the areas of Safety and Rule of Law, Participation and Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development.
The Data Portal is a user-friendly interface that offers a bespoke analysis of governance ranks, scores and trends for each country. Users can create printable charts and graphics from the data. A country’s overall governance is monitored and examined. What can Liberia do to benefit from the IIAG?
In 2017 Liberia scored higher than the African average (50.8 out of 100) but still came lower than the regional average for West Africa (53.8 out of 100). The country achieved her highest category score in Safety & Rule of Law (61.4) and its lowest category score in Sustainable Economic Opportunity (39.6). The country’s highest sub-category score was in National Security (88.9) and its lowest sub-category score in Infrastructure (33.7).
In terms of Overall Governance in 2017, Liberia scored 51.4 out of 100, ranking 28th out of 54 in Africa.
It would mean that the Liberian government will have to ensure the diligent application of safety and rule of law as they affect Liberian citizens and others. The Liberian government will also have to ensure Liberians’ participation in the government and the respect of their human rights; how Liberians who share different opinions are not abused and the government must ensure the human development of the citizenry.
Other areas are accountability on the use of the country’s resources, personal safety, national security, public management, business environment, infrastructure, rural sector, welfare, education, health, participation, rights, and gender. The above indicators, if carefully enforced and applied for the benefit of the people, could give the Liberian a leeway to improve the country’s ranking and move her forward.
In fact, the IIAG believes that Participation & Human Rights is the only category in which Africa accelerates progress. In its analysis, the Mo Foundation said Participation has the second largest range (85.5 points between the highest and lowest scoring countries) of the 14 sub-categories (after Rule of Law). It therefore suggests that if the Liberian government will have the political will to make concerted decisions at most of the indicators, the government would succeed to gain respect in a world that many believe, nothing good could come from Liberia and President Weah could gain trust in its partners to fulfill his dream for the country’s transformation.