‘Peacekeeping to Peacebuilding’

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Amb. Brown (2nd from left) with UN Secretary General António Guterres, and host nations of UN peacekeeping missions, including Timor Leste, Guatemala and Afghanistan

Amb. Brown Urges Support to Liberia’s Transition under UN Peacekeeping Reforms

Liberia’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Lewis Brown, has stressed the need for effective transition from ‘peacekeeping to peacebuilding’ to feature highly in the reform of the UN peace and security architecture, a dispatch has said.

Brown said immediately withdrawing support from a nation at the end of peacekeeping operations could have adverse effects on the country.

He observed that Liberia’s transition process was clearly communicated in terms of  purpose and timeline; resulting to better coordination between the Liberian government and the United Nations.

A dispatch from Liberia’s Mission to the United Nations however quotes Amb, Brown as saying, ” as the UN ends its  peacekeeping mission in Liberia this month, it is not time for the UN and the International Community to step back; rather it’s the time to support Liberia in a way that gives confidence and holds the government accountable for its commitments.”

Brown thanked the UN for the many years of support and also acknowledged the role of the region in ensuring the success of peacekeeping operations in the country.

“If  countries of a region are equally invested in the peace of a nation, then peacekeeping operations have a high possibility of succeeding. But if instability of a nation benefits the region, such conflict could continue despite peace keeping efforts” Amb. Brown said.

He spoke on Monday at a meeting between UN Secretary General António Guterres, and host nations of UN peacekeeping missions, including Liberia, Timor Leste, Guatemala and Afghanistan.

The meeting followed the presentation of a proposal by the host nations on the reform of the UN peace and security architecture. The proposal supports Mr. Guterres’ reform initiative of the structure and management of the peace and security departments and suggests a  more robust and neutral process of recruiting SRSGs, and  collaboration across pillars of development, human rights, and peace and security.

In response, Guterres  thanked the host nations for the proposal and acknowledged the inefficiency of peacekeeping processes over the years.

He attributed the situation to fragmentation in the structure of the peace and security architecture and said the reform intends to ensure integration and regional cooperation for better efficiency.

Mr. Guterres also acknowledged that transition from “peacekeeping to a future without” is difficult and stressed the need to focus on strengthening Peace-building Support Offices in countries around the world.

He spoke of a proposal for the creation of a Peace-building Trust Fund for Liberia, which he described as cardinal to his reform initiatives.

“In my resolution on prevention and maintaining peace, a big demand I make is for increase resources for the Peacebuilding fund to support countries and UN country teams.

For me, the architecture is clear, whether the resources will be there or not is what we will like to see” Mr. Guterres added.

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