A new book entitled ‘West Africa Agriculture and Climate Change’ has been released on the market, a release from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in Liberia has said.
The book was launched in Warsaw, Poland at the 19th Conference of the Parties (COP 19) of the United Nations Framework convention on Climate (UNFCCC). It examines how climate change will affect food security threats and explores increased efforts needed to achieve sustainable food security in 11 of the 16 countries that make up West Africa.
The countries include Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
The book, according to the release, was published by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) based in Washington DC, the United States of America. It describes the climate and non-climate stressors influencing economic growth in the agriculture sector, considering expected population and income growth.
“The comprehensive analysis depicts how both population and income growth will mount increased pressure on the natural resources needed to produce food, and how climate change makes the challenge greater,” the release added.
Through the use of hundreds of scenario maps, models, figures, and detailed analyses, the book present plausible scenarios that combine economic and biophysical characteristics that consider a variety of future climate and economic growth scenarios by 2050.
By focusing on individual countries within the broader regional context, the book provides a comprehensive overview of how policies can be implemented cohesively at a country level to build regional resilience.
The country-based chapter on Liberia-Chapter eight was authored by Mr. Benjamin S. Karmorh, Jr., the Coordinator on Climate Change Enabling Activities at the EPA of Liberia. The chapter on Liberia points out that there has been considerable variation in the predictions for temperature and precipitation changes due to climate change, which has resulted in different projected outcomes regarding the production of the country’s staple – rice, with some models showing most areas actually increasing in yield due to favorable changes in climate, while other models showing losses in yield due to unfavorable changes in climate.
These results underscored a need for flexibility and responsiveness in the agricultural sector in regard to adapting to climate change.
Based on the results of the study, the release noted that the author provides national government and organizations on climate change adaptation on recommendations such that the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) improve its policy on monitoring climate change, incorporating guidance on adaptation measures to reduce rainfall and higher temperatures.
It among other things also recommended that The MOA strengthen its policy on nationwide awareness of environmental considerations in all agricultural activities by providing farmers with climate change related information.